European ADULT IMMUNISATION HUB

Tag: definitions

Tetanus is a sporadic and relatively uncommon infec­tion in Europe. The confirmed case rate remains low, mainly because laboratory confirmation is usually not performed for tetanus and diagnosis is based on clinical presentation.

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Diphtheria is a life-threatening infection of the upper respiratory tract caused by Corynebacterium diphtheria. It also affects internal organs and/or the skin.In Europe, both diphtheria and tetanus are rare in­fections due to universal childhood vaccination and regular boosters [ECDC 2013].

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Herpes zoster is a serious disease in older people and in the immunocompromised. In the absence of antiviral therapy, up to 45% of patients over 60 years of age experience considerable pain for 6–12 months [Scott et al, 2006; Wareham and Breuer 2007], seve­rely affecting their quality of life [Drolet 2010].

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The global incidence of pertussis is estimated at 48.5 million cases a year with 295,000 deaths [Mattoo 2005]. In the US, pertussis has the greatest incidence and mortality of all vaccine-preventable diseases [Roush 2007].

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Pneumonia is a major cause of death and hospitalisation, but is not required by law to be reported to government authorities in most EU countries.

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What Is Invasive Pneumococcal Disease (IPD)?

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What is Influenza?

 

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There is a really useful set of definitions relevant to adult immunisation in the SAATI Report (Adult Vaccination: A Key Component of Healthy Ageing)

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